Case Study Series on Malaria Elimination Launched
The UCSF Global Health Group and the WHO Global Malaria Programme, in collaboration with ministries of health, have published a first-of-its kind series of case studies on malaria elimination. The first four case studies of this series — on Cape Verde, Mauritius, Sri Lanka and Turkmenistan — chronicle the countries' malaria histories, program successes, challenges and future outlooks, presenting new evidence about what works — and what does not — for reaching and sustaining zero malaria transmission.
Welcome to the Malaria Elimination Group (MEG) website. The MEG is a group of 48 international experts convened by the UCSF Global Health Group to elaborate the scientific, technical, operational, financial, and programmatic issues that countries need to consider when pursuing or embarking on malaria elimination. This website hosts a collection of resources and information specifically on malaria elimination from the latest peer-reviewed journals to reports and news from recent events occurring around the world.
A new review, entitled The changing epidemiology of malaria elimination: new strategies for new challenges, was published in The Lancet by MEG members Richard Feachem, Roly Gosling, Allison Phillips, Michelle Hsiang, Jimee Hwang, and other UCSF Global Health Group team members. The review documents new patterns of infection in low transmission settings and presents several current examples of where malaria cases are highly clustered within specific risk groups â€“ often adult males - and in small geographic areas. The authors remark on the need to target interventions to at-risk populations by optimizing surveillance and transmission interruption strategies.
MEG members Justin Cohen, Andy Tatem, Roly Gosling, Simon Hay and David Smith, with colleagues, examine the stability of malaria elimination over time in a recently published article in Science Magazine. The researchers analyzed malaria data from countries that eliminated during the Global Malaria Eradication Programme (1955-1969) and determined that, despite the ongoing threat of imported cases from endemic areas, many malaria-free countries do not experience malaria resurgences. The article also reviews the epidemiologic changes that may explain a country's stable elimination state, and highlights the need for ongoing research on the benefits and challenges of malaria elimination.
A recent article published in the Malaria Journal highlights the progress and challenges of malaria elimination in the Sabang District in Aceh, Indonesia. Malaria incidence decreased dramatically from 2008 to 2011 due to increased coverage of malaria control interventions, active case detection, and the development of a more sophisticated surveillance system for elimination. Population mobility and subsequent importation of malaria, in addition to the identification of asymptomatic carriers, will challenge the Sabang district as it works towards malaria elimination by the end of 2013.